JavaScript / jQuery IntelliSense in Visual Studio 2012

I blogged a while ago about a rather ugly and hacky way in which you could get the goodness of jQuery (and general JavaScript) IntelliSense in the Razor editor in Visual Studio 2010’s IDE.

 

This basically involved placing code similar to the following into every MVC view where you wanted IntelliSense to show up:

 

@* Stupid hack to get jQuery intellisense to work in the VS2010 IDE! *@
@if (false)
{
   <script src="../../Scripts/jquery-1.6.2-vsdoc.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
}

 

Well, since the release of Visual Studio 11 Beta, and the recent release of Visual Studio 2012 RC (Visual Studio 2012 is now the formal name of Visual Studio 11) we now no longer have to perform the above hack and clutter up our MVC views in order to enjoy the benefits of IntelliSense.

 

In Visual Studio 2012 (hereafter referred to as VS2012) this has been achieved by allowing an additional file to be placed within the solution/project which will contain a list of “references” to other JavaScript files that all MVC views will reference and honour.

 

The first step to configuring this is to open up VS2012’s Options dialog by selecting TOOLS > OPTIONS from the main menu bar:

 

image

 

Once there, you’ll want to navigate to the Text Editor > JavaScript > IntelliSense > References options:

 

image

 

The first thing to change here, is to select Implicit (Web) from the Reference Group drop-down list.  Doing this shows the list of references and included files within the Implicit (Web) group, as shown below the drop-down. Implicit (Web) includes a number of .js files that are included with VS2012 itself (and are located within your VS2012 install folder), but it also includes the following, project-specific entry:

 

~/Scripts/_references.js

 

Of course, this is all configurable, so you can easily add your own file in here in your own specific location or change the pre-defined _references.js, but since ASP.NET MVC is based around convention over configuration, let’s leave the default as it is!  Click OK and close the options dialog.

 

Now, what’s happened so far is that as part of the pre-defined Implicit (Web) reference group, VS2012 will look for a file called _references.js within a web project’s ~/Scripts/ folder (the ~/ implying the root of our web application) and use the references that are defined within that file as other files that should be referenced from within each of our MVC views automatically.

 

So, the next step is to add this file to one of our MVC projects in the relevant location, namely the ~/Scripts/ folder.  Right-click on the Scripts folder and select Add > New Item:

 

image

 

Once the Add New Item dialog is displayed, we can add a new JavaScript File, making sure that we name the file exactly as the default pre-defined Implicit (Web) reference group expects the file to be named:

 

image

 

 

The format of the _references.js file follows the JScript Comments Reference format that has been in Visual Studio since VS2008.  It’s shown below:

 

/// <reference path=”path to file to include” />

 

You can add as many or as few “references” within the _references.js file that you need.  Bear in mind, though, that the more files you add in here, the more it may negatively impact the performance of the editor/IDE as it’ll have far more files that it has to load and parse in order to determine what IntelliSense should be displayed.   A sample _references.js file is shown below:

 

image

 

The format/syntax of the references within this file can take a number of forms.  You can directly reference other JavaScript files without needing a path if they’re in the same folder as the _references.js file (as the example above shows):

 

/// <reference path="jquery-1.6.3.js" />

 

You can use relative paths which are relative from the folder where the _references.js file is located:

 

/// <reference path="SubfolderTest/jquery-1.6.3.js" />

 

And you can also use paths that are relative to your web project’s “root” folder by using the special ASP.NET ~ (tilde) syntax:

 

/// <reference path="~/Scripts/SubfolderTest/jquery-1.6.3.js" />

 

Once this is configured and saved, you will now have lovely IntelliSense within your MVC Views without needing additional hacky script references from within the view itself.  See the screen shot below:

 

image

 

Yep, that’s the entirety of the view that you can see there (no @if(false) nonsense!), and that’s lovely jQuery IntelliSense being displayed as soon as you start typing $( !

 

Update (10/Feb/2013): Changed the screenshots to use a nicer elliptical highlighting and tweaked some references ever-so-slightly (i.e. change jQuery from 1.6.2 to 1.6.3)

JavaScript IntelliSense in Razor Views

There’s an issue with getting JavaScript IntelliSense to display in a Razor view of an ASP.NET MVC project.

 

Turns out that despite having the JavaScript file corrected referenced within your _Layout.cshtml (or some other “global” location) like so:

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <title>@ViewBag.Title</title>
    <link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/Site.css")" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-1.6.2.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
    @RenderSection("HeadContent", required: true)
</head>

 

The Visual Studio IDE won’t recognise or parse the:

<script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-1.6.2.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>

line when you’re working inside other views within your project.

 

There’s a hacky workaround for this, though.  You have to reference the JavaScript file from within the view that you’re currently working in.  Although this seems counter-intuitive, and you certainly don’t want a doubly-referenced script as part of your actual solution code, you can place this “dummy” reference in a conditional block of code that will never be reached when your solution is running:

@* Stupid hack to get jQuery intellisense to work in the VS2010 IDE! *@
@if (false)
{
   <script src="../../Scripts/jquery-1.6.2-vsdoc.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
}

The if (false) conditional ensures that, when this code is running, the script reference will never be output to the page as the conditional will never evaluate to false (it’ll always evaluate to true).  Despite this, when you’re working in the Visual Studio IDE, the script reference will be parsed and the relevant JavaScript file included (in this case a vsdoc.js file containing the IntelliSense information for jQuery 1.6.2).  This is because the IDE doesn’t care that this script reference code is effectively unreachable, and will happily parse the entire code block anyway!